• CSCD核心库收录期刊
  • 中文核心期刊
  • 中国科技核心期刊

ELECTRIC POWER CONSTRUCTION ›› 2022, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (9): 34-46.doi: 10.12204/j.issn.1000-7229.2022.09.004

• Key Technology and Application of Flexible Distributed Energy Resources Oriented to New Power System ·Hosted by Associate Professor JU Liwei and Professor TAN Zhongfu· • Previous Articles     Next Articles

VPP Operation Optimization and Bilayer Revenue Distribution Model Considering the Two-Level Market and Shared Energy Storage

ZHENG Haowei(), YAN Qingyou, YIN Zhe, DANG Jialu, LIN Hongyu, TAN Zhongfu   

  1. School of Economics and Management,North China Electric Power University,Beijing 102206,China
  • Received:2022-03-28 Online:2022-09-01 Published:2022-08-31
  • Contact: ZHENG Haowei E-mail:zhw_ncepu@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China(2020YFB1707801)


With the proposal of "double carbon target" and the increase of renewable energy penetration rate, it becomes more and more important to ensure the flexible operation of power system. In order to aggregate multiple types of distributed flexible resources such as power generators, load and storage, this paper constructs an operation optimization and two-layer benefit allocation models for virtual power plants (VPP), which considers the uncertainty of wind and solar power and shared energy storage under the environment of electricity market. Firstly, a VPP system structure including distributed PV and wind power generators, shared energy storage and flexible load is constructed, and a two-level power market trading mechanism is established. Secondly, the method of scenario generation and reduction is used to deal with the uncertainty of wind and solar power output. On this basis, the VPP operation optimization model considering day-ahead and real-time trades is constructed with the goal of maximizing VPP operation income. Thirdly, in order to guarantee the fairness and rationality of participants' income, the income distribution strategies for VPP participants and shared energy storage investors are established on the basis of the Owen value method of two-layer cooperative game. Finally, an example analysis is carried out to verify the effectiveness of the proposed model. The example results show that VPP with shared energy storage can effectively reduce the interference caused by wind and solar power uncertainty and increase the income of VPP in two-level market. The income distribution of each investment subject through Owen value method is conducive to ensuring the fairness and rationality of the system.

Key words: shared energy storage, virtual power plant (VPP), electricity market, source uncertainty, operation optimization, revenue distribution, Owen value method

CLC Number: