• CSCD核心库收录期刊
  • 中文核心期刊
  • 中国科技核心期刊

ELECTRIC POWER CONSTRUCTION ›› 2023, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (3): 85-92.doi: 10.12204/j.issn.1000-7229.2023.03.009

• Key Technologies for Interaction between Power Distribution Network and New Load Driven by Carbon Peaking and Carbon Neutrality Goals?Hosted by Professor MU Yunfei and Professor-level Senior Engineer SONG Yi? • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Joint Optimization Strategy for Energy Consumption of Data Center and Electric Vehicles Considering Competitive Preference

ZHANG Xiangcheng1(), LIU Fei1(), TIAN Xu1(), WANG Shibin1(), DU Yabin2(), LI Bin2()   

  1. 1. Economic and Technological Research Institute of State Grid Qinghai Electric Power Company, Xining 810001, China
    2. School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China
  • Received:2022-04-18 Online:2023-03-01 Published:2023-03-02
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(52177082);State Grid Corporation of China Research Program(SGQHJY00GHJS2100232)


The use of on-site renewable energy is beneficial to the data center to reduce energy costs and carbon emissions, but the intermittent output of renewable energy will lead to the ineffective use of some on-site renewable energy. According to the adjustable characteristics of data center load, this paper designs a joint renewable energy consumption mechanism between data center operators and electric vehicle operators, so as to achieve the utilization of residual renewable energy. According to Stackelberg game theory, this paper fully considers the competitive preference behavior of multiple subjects, and establishes a single model of energy service providers' consignment and a multiple model that considers the combination of direct electricity sales and energy service providers' consignment. According to the demand of daily charging load of electric vehicle charging station and the comparison of advantages of the two modes, a joint optimization strategy for energy consumption of data center and electric vehicles considering competitive preference is finally proposed. Simulation and analysis results show that the optimization strategy adopted in this paper has good economic benefits.

Key words: data center, renewable energy consumption, competitive preference, Stackelberg game, electric vehicle

CLC Number: